Chapter 16 Textbook Review
Tobacco: The leaves of cultivated tobacco plants prepared for smoking or chewing or for use
- A lot of young people are smoking tobacco
- People who abuse other drugs or have mental health problems (i.e. depression) are
more likely to use tobacco
- Primary attraction seems to lie in its ability to modulate everyday emotions
- Builds up a tolerance
- Who Starts:
• A parent or sibling uses tobacco.
• Peers use tobacco.
• The child comes from a blue-collar family.
• The child comes from a low-income home.
• The family is headed by a single parent.
• The child performs poorly in school.
• The child drops out of school.
• The child has positive attitudes about tobacco use
• If their role model does
- More chemicals enter body in last third of cigarette because the filter has already burned
- Leads to cardiovascular disease, cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (refers
to a group of lung diseases that block airflow and make breathing difficult), and
- Leads to health, cosmetic and economic concerns; Ulcers and impotence (blood flow)
- Reduce life expectancy and increased risk of chronic disease
- Forms: spit, cigar, pipes, clove (tobacco made with chopped cloves, bidis (cigarettes
imported from india)
Nicotine: A poisonous, addictive substance found in tobacco and responsible for many of the
effects of tobacco
- At low doses, nicotine acts as a stimulant or a sedative
- In adults nicotine enhances alertness, concentration, info processing, memory and