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Chapter 1

Health Promotions Programs- Chapter 1

8 Pages
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Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
Health Sciences 2200A/B
Professor
Bill Irwin

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Health Promotions Programs- Text 9/17/2013 9:28:00 PM Chapter 1- Health Education, Health Promotion, Health Education Specialists, and Program Planning Objectives - Explain the relationship among good health behaviour, health education, and health promotion - Explain the different between health education and health promotion - Write your own definition of health education - Explain the role of the heath educator as defined by the Role Delineation Project - Explain how a person becomes a Certified Health Education Specialist or a Master Certified Health Education Specialist - Explain how the Competency-Based Framework for Health Education Specialist is Credentialing, Inc. (NCHEC), the National Counsels for the accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE), and the SOPHE/ AAHE Baccalaureate Program Approval Committee (SABPAC). - Identify the assumptions upon which health education is bases - Define the term pre-planning Health Education and Health Promotion Healthy People- The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention - brought together he relationship of personal behaviour and health status - presented a “personal responsibility” model that provided Americans with a prescription for reducing their health risks and increasing their chances at good health - Healthy People was important because it summarized research available up to that point, presented it in a readable format, and made the information available to the general public Health Education- 2 definitions 1. Any combination of learning experiences using evidence-based practices and/or sound theories that provide the opportunity to acquire knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to adopt and maintain healthy behaviours 2. Any planned combination of learning experiences designed predispose, enable and reinforce voluntary behaviour conductive to health in individuals , groups, or communities Health Promotion- 2 definitions 1. Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, organizational mechanisms that support actions and conditions of living conductive to the health of individuals, groups and communities 2. Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, organizational supports for actions and conditions of living conductive to the health of individuals, groups, and communities - Health promotion takes into consideration that human behaviour is not governed by only personal factors (knowledge, expectancies, competencies, and well-being) but also by structural aspects of the environment ** Without health education, health promotion would be a manipulative social engineering enterprise Success of Health Promotion Program= PLANNING To further understand-> Each person has a certain degree of health that may be expressed as a place in a spectrum. From that perspective, promoting health must focus on enhancing people’s capacities for living. That means, moving them towards the health end of the spectrum, just as prevention is aimed at avoiding disease that can move people toward the opposite end of the spectrum Health Education Specialists Health Educator- a professionally prepared individual who serves a variety of roles and is specifically trained to use appropriate educational strategies and methods to facilitate the development of policies, procedures, interventions, and systems conductive to the health of individuals, groups, and communities ** Old term-> Now referred to as health education specialist Health Education Specialist- an individual who has met, at a minimum, baccalaureate-level required health education academic preparation qualifications, who serves in a variety of settings, and is able to use appropriate educational strategies and methods to facilitate the development of policies, procedures, interventions, and systems conductive to the health of individuals, groups and communities - can be found working in a variety of settings including schools, community health agencies, worksites (business, industry, and other work settings), and health care settings - began with school hygiene education Levels of Prevention Primary Prevention- Preventive measures that forestall the onset of illness or injury during the prepathogenesis period Secondary Prevention- Preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of a disease, illness, or injury to limit disability, impairment, or dependency and prevent more severe pathogenesis Tertiary Prevention- Preventive measures aimed at rehabilitation following significant pathogenesis Role Delineation Project- a comprehensive process that leads to the creation of the responsibilities and competencies of the entry-level health educator The Framework- the documents (NCHEC, 1985 and NCHEC, 1996) th
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