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Kinesiology (163)
Bob Larose (14)

motivation chapter

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Western University
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

Motivation From the Latin: “movere” to move A theoretical construct (not directly observable phenomenon) Is used to account for the:  Selection  Intensity  Persistence Of behaviour or performance in any activity Definition: The direction (approach/ avoid) and intensity (high/low) of ones effort  Participant oriented  Situation oriented  Interaction of both Some motivational factors can be easily changed (goal setting, reinforcement, attribution, self-confidence) while others are more difficult to influence (presence of others, anxiety, focus of attention) Guidelines: 1. Both the situation and personal traits motivate participants 2. It is important for a leader and the participant to understand what motivates an individual  Multiple motives  Competing motives  Shared and/or unique motives  Motives change over time 3. Structure or change the environment to enhance motivation 4. Critical role of the leader is in influencing the motivation of the participants (coaching style) 5. Undesirable motives can be changed through behaviour modification techniques Token Reward as Motivators Reward: “things” used to modify or manipulate behaviour, material rewards Reinforcement: Personal interactions, verbal and non-verbal Token Rewards:  Behaviour Modification  Operant Conditioning  Token Economies  Contingency Management Contingency: Relationship between a behaviour and its consequence Contingency Management: The regulation of behaviour by use of the tokens to influence or alt
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