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Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 3388A/B
Professor
Dr.Carron
Semester
Fall

Description
Psychology of SportChapter 1 Notes From TextThe Nature of GroupsIf youve ever wondered why the most talented teams dont always winheres the reason Chemistry is whats up Teams nuclei Their bonding and combustion Stable elements and volatile ones The critical nature of the mix and what Connecticut coach Jim Calhoun calls the vapor that just sort of hangs over a team We enter life as a member of the familySocietys strongest and most significant groupAs we grow and develop become members of other important groups and are influenced by them in social and work settingsAttend school worship socialize carry out business play exercise and play sports in groupsIn group settings we influence behaviors cognitions and attitudes of other people and are influencedBecoming a team requires effort and sacrificeMore effective if the right chemistry develops among team membersRoy Baumeister and Mark Leary 1995Need to belong desire for interpersonal attachments is a fundamental human motivationA number of conditions must be present before a state need or condition is truly fundamentalDesire for interpersonal attachments satisfies all theseItIs present across a wide variety of situationsHas an important influence on thought and emotionLeads to health or adjustment problems if its not satisfiedStimulates behavior designed to satisfy itIs present in all peopleIsnt a product of some other motiveHas an influence on a large number of behaviorsSport is one of the primary aspects of society that satisfies our need to belongThe Reality of GroupsA group is an abstraction or theoretical construct only its individual members are realPresence of a theoretical construct cant be directly observed it can only be inferred from behaviorTherefore social scientists have had difficulty agreeing on the real nature of groupsBehavior of individuals either alone or in collective situations can be described explained predicted andor controlledAllport 1924Questioned whether groups were anything more than the sum of individual membersGroup is simply a sum of its partsIf parts are identical groups will be identicalIf we wish to describe explain predict or control the behavior and performance of a group we must describe explain predict and control the behavior and performance of individual membersThis viewpoint assumes theres no special chemistry that sets off one group or team for anotherCurrently a universal agreement that groups are real they differ from the simple sum of member attributes and group behavior and performance cant be understood by simply examining individual behavior and performance Theodore Mills 1984Group goals are distinct from goals established by individuals for themselvesMills Keenan and DrydenTwo opponents in any competition both have the goal of winningThey also hare a common goal of playing a satisfying gameMillsThe group goal isnt the simple sum of personal goals nor can it be directly inferred from themIt refers to a desirable state for the groupThe mental construct of the group resides in the minds of group membersGroup goals refer to the group as a unitmore specifically to a desirable state of that unitGroups have goals aspirations character and a personality different from those possessed by individual group membersIndividual behavior is different within group situationsInfluence of the group can lead to increased conformity deviance tenacity or many other behaviors individuals might not exhibit alone
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