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Kinesiology 1088A/B Chapter Notes -Habituation, Virtual Reality, Hawthorne Effect

Course Code
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

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The Practice Secession as a Motivator
1. Increased motivation can be achieved through the introduction of variety or novelty
during practice.
There is a need to habituate skills and techniques for optimum performance or
At some point, routine and repetition become boring
So we need to teach or repeat the same skills but with a variation of skills
2. Motivation can be enhanced by changing practice routines
Order or sequence of practice segments can be altered
Change players positions or responsibilities for a portion of practice (also generates
appreciation for roles of others)
Alter rules or adjust games to meet specific needs (ex. focus on particular skills or
strategies for all or part of a practice)
But, don’t change just for change sake (maintain some specific goal direction and
explain the reason for the change(s) to the participant(s)
3. Motivation can be enhanced simply by providing special attention to the participant(s)
Hawthorne Effect (1939)
Purpose – to examine the influence of different aspects of the work environment on
productivity and moral
Conditions in the Hawthorne plant were systematically altered (change lighting and
Changes produced an increase in productivity (regardless of what was changed,
productivity increased)
Conclusion – It wasn’t the changes made as much as the special attention that was given
to the employees that influenced productivity
Other research support for the effects of change and variety in practice sessions
1. Stimulus Seeking
Human’s exhibit needs beyond the satisfaction of basic physiological drives.
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