Kinesiology 2241A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Anthropometry

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 2241A/B
Professor
Page:
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Chapter 1 The Study and Analysis of Human Movement
Biomechanics area of study in which knowledge and methods of mechanics
is applied to the structure and function of the living human system
Knowledge about the growth and structure of the bones, joints, and muscles
can be used to determine appropriate or inappropriate movement activities
for a variety of age groups
Anthropometrics area of study concerned with measures of the body’s
physical characteristics
o Ie. Height, weight and volume
o Data from one group (ex. By gender or age) is compared to that of
another group
Mechanics 2 categories:
o Static nonmoving systems
o Dynamic moving systems, 2 categories:
Kinematics study of time and space factors for moving
systems
Kinetics study of the forces acting on a body that
influence movement
Quantitative analysis describing a movement in numerical terms
Qualitative analysis describing a movement in non-numerical terms
Efficient movement the movement is done with a minimum energy
expenditure
o Important for marathon runners, swimmers, etc. (long distance)
Effectiveness determining the most appropriate movements to help the
performer successfully accomplish the overall goal
o The degree of work required doesn’t matter
Optimize in a 5 km run, one doesn’t want to maximize their energy
expenditure because they wouldn’t last the entire distance, they don’t want
to minimize their speed to conserve energy. They want to OPTIMIZE the
running speed and rate of energy expenditure to accomplish the run.
1. Static: b, c, e, f, i, j
Dynamic: a, d, g, h, k
3. Qualitative: a, c, e, f
Quantitative: b, d
5. Sprinting, Throwing, Jumping
6. Marathon, Cross-Country Skiing, Distance Swimming

Document Summary

Chapter 1 the study and analysis of human movement. Biomechanics area of study in which knowledge and methods of mechanics is applied to the structure and function of the living human system. Knowledge about the growth and structure of the bones, joints, and muscles can be used to determine appropriate or inappropriate movement activities for a variety of age groups. Anthropometrics area of study concerned with measures of the body"s physical characteristics: ie. Height, weight and volume: data from one group (ex. By gender or age) is compared to that of another group. Mechanics 2 categories: static nonmoving systems, dynamic moving systems, 2 categories: Kinematics study of time and space factors for moving systems. Kinetics study of the forces acting on a body that influence movement. Quantitative analysis describing a movement in numerical terms. Qualitative analysis describing a movement in non-numerical terms.