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Western University
Management and Organizational Studies
Management and Organizational Studies 2275A/B

Business Law Chapter Notes 10/18/2013 9:38:00 AM - Government is divided into 3 branches  Legislative branch – Creates law based on statutes and regulations o Statute Law: Written laws created or enacted by legislative branch of government  Criminal Code of Canada: Prohibits offences such as assault, theft and fraud (against the law  Jurisdiction: Power that a level of government has to enact laws  Federal government has jurisdiction over criminal law  Exclusive Jurisdiction: One level of government holds entirely on its own  Concurrent Jurisdiction: Jurisdiction shared between levels of government  Paramountcy: Federal law wins when they conflict with provincial  Bylaws: Laws from municipal government  Executive branch – Formulates and implements law o Government Policy: Central ideas or principles that guide government in its work o Formal Executive: Responsible for ceremonial features o Political Executive: Responsible for day-to-day operations  Regulations: Rules that have the force of the law o Cabinet: All ministers of various government departments including PM and Premier o  Judicial Branch – Adjudicates on disputes (Reference of Judges) o Judges: Appointed by federal and provincial governments to adjudicate on a variety of disputes o Trial Courts  Inferior: Limited financial jurisdiction, judges are appointed by provincial government  Small Claims: Deals with claims upto a certain amount o Superior Court: Unlimited financial jurisdiction, judges are appointed by federal government o Supreme Court of Canada: Final court of appeals o Federal Court: Deals with litigation involving the federal government - Constitutional Law: Supreme law of Canada that controls the branches - Liberalism: Philosophy t
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