Biz Law textbook Chapter 3

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Western University
Management and Organizational Studies
Management and Organizational Studies 2275A/B
Cristin Keller

The Resolution of Disputesthe CourtAlternatives to LitigationCanadian courts are open to the publicIn civil actions 2 private persons use the court as a referee to adjudicate a dispute and the judge chooses between the 2 positions presentedCivil testbalance of probabilitiesCriminal prosecutionthe offence is against the state victims of the crime are witnesses at the trialCriminal test beyond a reasonable doubt In Ontario judges must retire at the age of 65Surrogateprobate courts deals with the administration of wills and estatesSentencing circles arent courts Involve all interested persons meeting in a circle to discuss the offence including sentencing optionsFound in several provincesused primarily at the provincial court level for cases involving aboriginal offenders and victimsan appeal court of the provinces will consider a case only when questions of law are in dispute not questions of factf
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