Management and Organizational Studies 2181A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Big Five Personality Traits, Neuroticism, Agreeableness

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Personality and organizational behaviour: dispositional approach focus on individuals dispositions and personality, predisposed to behave a certain way, stable traits affect attitudes and behaviors, initially believed that personality affected motivation, attitudes, performance and leadership. Second world war military recruitments required to take personality test: inconclusive research, situational approach environmental approach, characteristics in the organizational setting like reward and punishment, influence peoples attitudes, feelings and behavior. Interactionist approach ob is function of both dispositions and situations: situation types, weak situations clear answer or behavior is not always clear, so personality is a major factor. Loosely defined roles, few rules, weak reward and punishment outcomes: strong situations situations where the behavior is clear, therefore personality plays less of a role. More rules and defined contingencies: trait activation theory personality traits influence people"s behavior when the situation calls for a particular personality characteristic. Some personality characteristics are valuable in certain organizational situations. Putting right people in right job and exposing different employees to.

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