Philosophy 1230A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Argument From Authority, False Dilemma, Argumentum Ad Populum
This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Fallacy: an error in reasoning that may nevertheless appear at first glance to be correct
-an error in reasoning that arises in virtue of the the logical form of the argument alone (rather
-may look like good reasoning at first glance, but is clearly not upon closer inspection
-even though the premises are all true, it is possible that the conclusion is false (even though
they are proposing the conclusion is true)
1. If P then Q(affirming the consequent)
3. Therefore, P must be true
the correct way that makes it not fallacious (modus ponens)
1. If P then Q
3. Therefore, Q must be true
Another fallacious way of arguing (fallacy of denying the antecedent)
1.If P then Q
2. It is not the case that P
3. Therefore, necessarily it is not the case that Q.
1. If p then q,
2.it is not the case that q
3.therefore it is not the case that p
-virtue of the content not form
*Argument Against the Person (ad hominem fallacy)
-occurs when someone attacks a person’s character or circumstances or associates, rather
than the person’s reasoned argument, and then concludes on this bias alone that the person’s
argument has been refuted.
1. if karen is a liberal, she can’t be trusted [for anything]
2. Karen is a liberal.
Karen can’t be trusted [for anything]
*-the “tu quoque” charges a persons argument with hypocrisy, Discrediting a person’s
argument merely because they don’t act/live consistently with its conclusion. examples:
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version