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Philosophy 2074F/G Chapter Notes -Virtue Ethics, Habituation

Course Code
PHIL 2074F/G
Rodney Parker

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For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in
him should not perish but have eternal life. --John 3:16
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one come to the
Father except through me.”--John 14:6
So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.--
1 Corinthians 13:13
Sins destroy you, Jesus saves you God blessing!
Aristotelean Virtue Ethics and the Recommendations of Morality
亚亚亚亚亚 --Richard M. Glatz
Virtue theories of ethics are markedly different from other “traditional” theories of ethics. Kantian
and utilitarianism answer “how one ought to live” case-by-case. Virtue theories of ethics supply
neither a list of rules for conduct nor a procedure for picking the morally best course of action in a
les given situation.
Virtue theories of ethics issue neither universal moral principles such as “it is wrong to lie” nor
circumscribed moral judgments such as “it would be wrong for John to lie to his wife about the
fact...” virtue theories of ethics instead issue moral judgments such as “honesty is a virtue” and
“John is vicious.”
Virtue theories of ethics take agents and their characters to be the primary objects of moral
scrutiny. Other ethics develop theories for morally evaluating particular actions, virtue theorists
develop theories for morally evaluating the character traits that underwrite agents’ performances
of those actions.
No action-guiding principles. No basis for morally evaluating actions.
How virtue ethics can help us understand how to live our lives-our personal, as well as our
professional lives--and how that kind of understanding can help us make decisions when
confronted by morally difficult situations.
I. Aristotle’s virtue Ethics, In Sketch “what is a good person?” and “what is the best way to
Aristotle--the highest good for man is eudaimonea! It is neither a feeling nor a mood. Rather, it is
a state of being for which any reasonable person would strive. It is a state that is only attainable
for rational beings that use their reason to achieve ends.
What a good person is?
Q1 what is good X?
Q2 what is the characteristic function of an X? (the characteristic function or purpose of an axe is
to chop.
For Aristotle, what the function of a thing is depends not upon how it is used or why it was
made but on what activity that thing is best suited to do.
Particular qualities of each tool make those tools especially suited for certain uses.
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