Philosophy 2074F/G Chapter Notes -Game Players, Business Game
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For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in
him should not perish but have eternal life. --John 3:16
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one come to the
Father except through me.”--John 14:6
So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.--
1 Corinthians 13:13
Sins destroy you, Jesus saves you God blessing!
Is Business Bluffing Ethical
Albert Z. Carr
Albert agreed that the basis of private morality is a respect for truth and that the closer a
businessman comes to the truth, the more deserves respect.
He suggested that most bluffing in business might be regarded simply as game strategy.
The essential point he made is that the ethics of business are game ethics, different from the ethics
Pressure to deceive
If the individual executive refuses to bluff from time to time-if he feels obligated to tell the truth,
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth--he is ignoring opportunities permitted under the rules
and is at a heavy disadvantage in his business dealings.
The fact is that business, as practiced by individuals as well as by corporations, has the impersonal
character of a game--a game that demands both special strategy and an understanding of its special
The poker analogy
If one shows mercy to a loser in poker, it is a personal gesture, divorced from the rules of the
Cunning deception and concealment of one’s strength and intentions, not kindness and
openheartedness, are vital in poker. No one should think any the worse of the game of business
because its standards of right and wrong differs from the prevailing traditions of morality in our
Discard the golden rule
His point is that in businessmen’s office lives they cease to be private citizens; they become game
players who must be guided by a somewhat different set of ethical standards.
Robbins thought this a confession of defeat, believing that the golden rule, for all its value as an
ideal for society, is simply not feasible as a guide for business. Businessman is trying to do unto
others as he hopes others will not do unto him.
Espionage in business is not an ethical problem; it’s an established technique of business
“we don’t make the laws”
If the laws governing their business change, or if public opinion becomes clamorous, they will
make the necessary adjustment. But morally they have in their view done nothing wrong. As long
as they comply with the letter of the law, they are within their rights to operate their businesses as
they see fit.
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