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Philosophy 2074F/G Chapter Notes -Sweatshop, Living Wage, Counterfactual Conditional

Course Code
PHIL 2074F/G
Rodney Parker

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For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in
him should not perish but have eternal life. --John 3:16
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one come to the
Father except through me.”--John 14:6
So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.--
1 Corinthians 13:13
Sins destroy you, Jesus saves you God blessing!
The Great Non-Debate Over International Sweatshops
---Ian Maitland
A dramatic growth in the contracting out of production by companies in the
industrialized countries to suppliers in developing countries.
These contracting arrangements have drawn intense fire from labor and human rights
activists who charge that the companies are exploiting foreign workers.
There is intensive campaign against international sweatshops upfolding on television.
Kernaghan (who runs the National Labor Coalition) has shrewdly targeted the
companies’ carefully cultivated public images. Because the popular brand is very
valuable so companies will protect this priceless asset at all costs. (sweatshop will
damage the brand of company)
Objective of this paper
The heart of the controversy: what are appropriate wages and labor standards in
international sweatshops? As we have seen, the companies have treated the charges
about sweatshops as a public relations problem to be managed so as to minimize harm
to their public images.
Maitland proceed the issue by examining the specific charges of exploitation from the
standpoints of both (a) their factual and (b) their ethical sufficiency. In the absence of
any well-established consensus among business ethicists, Maitland simultaneously
use the investigation of sweatshops as a setting for trying to adjudicate between
competing views about what those standards should be.
What are ethically appropriate labor standards in international sweatshops
Four possibilities:
1Home-country standards: international corporations have an ethical duty to pay
the same wages and provide the same labor standards regardless of where they
operate. It was rejected because there will be little incentive for company to move
their manufacturing abroad.
2“living wage” standard: an international corporation should, at minimum, pay a
“living wage.” But it is hard to pin down what “living wage” means operationally.
According to DeGeorge, a living wage should “allow the worker to live in dignity as a
human being.”
3Donaldson’s test: Thomas Donaldson believes that “It is irrelevant whether the
standards of the host country comply or fail to comply with home country standards;
what is relevant is whether they meet a universal, objective minimum.” The test
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