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Philosophy 2801F/G Chapter Notes -Everyman, Bridle


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2801F/G
Professor
Lawson

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READINGS WEEK 3 LEVIATHAN HOBBES
CHAPTER 15
The right of nature the preservation of his own nature, that is to say of his own life
A law of nature general rule found out by reason by which a man is forbidden to do
that, which is destructive of his life or taketh away the means of preserving the same
The condition of man is a condition of war, of everyone against everyone in which case
everyone is governed by his own reason and there is nothing he can make use of that
may not be a help unto him, in preserving his life against his enemies
Every man has a right to everything even to another’s body
There can be no security to any man that everyman ought to endeavour peace
Fundamental law of nature seek peace and follow it
The second by all means we can to defend ourselves
That a man be willing when others are so too as far forth as for peace and defence of
himself he shall think it necessary to lay down this right to all things and be contented
with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself
Whatsoever you require that others should do to you that do ye to them
There is nothing to which everyman had not right by nature
Right is laid aside, either b simply renouncing it or by transferring it to another
By simply renouncing when he cares not to whom the benefit thereof renoundeth
By transferring when he intended to benefit thereof some certain person or persons
Bonds by which men are bound and obliged. Bonds that have their strength not from
their own nature but from fear of some evil consequence upon the rupture
Therefore there be some rights which no man can be understood by any words or other
signs to have abandoned or transferred
There is no benefit consequent to such patience; as there is to the patience of suffering
another to be wounded or imprisoned
Motive end for which this renouncing and transferring of right is introduced is nothing
else but the security of a mans person in his life and in the means of so preserving life as
not to be weary of it
The mutual transferring of right is that which all men call Contract
When the transferring of right is not mutual; but one of the parties transferred it in
hope to gain thereby friendship or service from another or from his friends or in hope to
gain the reputation of charity of minimity or to deliver his mind from the pain of
compassion
This is not contract but gift
I will give, I will grant which are words of the future promise
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