Philosophy 2801F/G Chapter Notes -State Of Nature

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Published on 18 Sep 2012
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THOMAS HOBBES WEEK 2 LECT 1
LAWS OF NATURE
the Law of Nature: never do anything that might kill you or that will limit your ability to
protect your life. Never fail to do something that you think is most likely to protect your
life.
Laws of rationality and reason
RIGHT OF NATURE
the right of nature: to do whatever you sincerely judge will best preserve your life
the RON in its most fundamental form: ' by all means we can, to defend ourselves'
in the SON you are the judge, you get to do whatever you really thing will best pre-
serve your life - there is nothing that you cannot take
CONFLICT AND HUMAN NATURE
acting on the Right of Nature prevents one from acting according to the Laws of Na-
ture
everyone is equal, their own judge, acting for self preservation and prideful = constant
competition for safety, gain and reputation
the result? a warre of all against all. Life in this state of nature is nasty, brutish and
short
SOLVING THE RON VS LON CONFLICT
follow the second law of nature: that a man be wiling, when others are too, as
farre\forth as for Peace and defense himself he shall think it necessary to lay down this
right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would
allow other men against himself.
we make an agreement where I can take some things but not all things and not things
that belong to others
to lay down the RON without assurance that others will too, is to break the LON
this is done by promising to relinquish one's RON cannot work, in the state of nature
promises contracts and covenants are void
instead exist the state of nature
CONTRACTS
one may renounce or trasnfer a right
transfers are - volutary, always to obtain some benefit, some rights cannot be trans-
ferred or renonced
contract - the mutual transferring of Right
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