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Chapter

Philosophy 2801F/G Chapter Notes -Indian Register, Indian Act, Animalize


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2801F/G
Professor
Lawson

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WEEK 4 LECT 1 - ABORIGINAL SOVEREIGNTY
CONNECTIONS
Deng and internal conflict as a conflict over identity
R2P and trust territories
justifications for previous and current interventions and violations of sovereignty
Legacies in relation to global justice and HR
Terra Nullis: the land wasn't owned by anyone so you can just take it
you may be responsible to amend a problem even though you didn't directly caused it
post colonialitiy - on going participation in a colonial context which further benefits land
for us our prospects have been bettered from the colonial practices of appropriation ear-
lier, we benefit now
colonial justifications make 'not like us' the natural inhabitants to the land, animalize
them most of the time - they don't have justice or proper society
THE MAP
1. Rules defining indianness are discourses
2. function of gender in discourses of indianness
3. function of race in discourses of Indianness
4. incoherence of colonial definitions
5. race is not a natural category
6. her normative claim and why it is risky and necessary to enact
7. if you lose your status you lose all citizenship and you can't pass it on to your chil-
dren
IDENTITY
the indian act in canada in this respect is much more than a body of laws that for over
a century have controlled every aspect of Indian life. Ads a regulatory regime, the Indian
Act provides ways of understanding Native identity, organizing a conceptual framework
that has shaped contemporary Native life in ways that are now so familiar as to almost
seem natural
CHANGING INDIAN DISCOURSE
its overarching nature as a discourse of classification regulation and control that has
indelibly ordered how Native people think of things Indian. to treat the Indian act merely
as a set of policies to be repealed or even as a genocidal scheme in which we can sim-
ply choose not to believe belies how a classificatory system produces ways of thinking -
a grammar- that embeds itself in every attempt to change it. Evidenced by attempts at
change and yet agency and revival
IDENTITY

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you dont have any essential identity
Is not: give natural, neutral fixed
Is: individual and relational, made up of actions and attributes. About interpretation,
negotiation, authority and understanding common experiences that people have had
and what the meaning behind them is
political - for native people, individual identity is always being negotiated in relation to
collective identity and in the fact of an external, colonizing society
NATURAL IDENTITY CATEGORIES
indian as an external, imposed and reducing descriptor that creates racialized hierar-
chy
Indian versus other ethnicities, language groups all lumped together. Parallel: Africa
people were trying to do this with colonial identities
A COLONIAL RIGHTS VIOLATION
Janice Acoose.. as described how being classified by the Canadian government as a
status Indian under the Indian act represented a violation of the rights of her Cree/Metis
and Saulteaux cultures to define her as something else which removed her in common-
sense ways from any sense of being part of the destiny of her own nations and instead
placed her as a powerless and radicalized individual at the bottom of the hierarchy of
EuroCanadian society
for indigenous people to be defined as a race is synonymous with having our Nations
dismembered
RESISTANCE AND IDENTITY
Racial versus identity framework - in general Native resistance to colonization rejects
notion of pan-Indian identities that can at best only aspire for equality within a settler
state famework, For indigenous people resisting colonial relations involved a refusal to
accept the authority of Canada or the US as settler states and a focus on rebuilding the
nations that destroy indigenous land claims
NATION TO NATION RELATIONS
when Britain was proclaimed as victor over France in 1763 it laid claim to much of
eastern NA in a context where is lacked any real ability to actually wrest context where it
lacked any real ability to actually wrest the land from the Native nations who occupied it,
or to control how the nations of these regions would choose to act. Because of this,
Britain sought another way to consolidate its imperial positive by structuring formal con-
stitutional relations with the Native nations on the territories it claimed for itself. THe roy-
al proclamation of 1763 recognized aboriginal title to all lands no ceded and acknowl-
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