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Chapter 2

Philosophy 3810F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Anti-Capitalism, Neoliberalism, Planned Economy

Course Code
PHIL 3810F/G
Steve D' Arcy

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The anti-capitalist movement is far from homogeneous ideologically: it encompasses a
variety of political currents
Bourgeois anti-capitalism accepts the neo-liberal claim that market capitalism offers the
solution to the problems of humankind, but argues that it should become more
responsive to the criticisms of civil society
Localist anti-capitalism seeks to develop micro-relationships among producers and
consumers that promote social justice and economic self-sufficiency
Reformist anti-capitalism advocates a return to the more regulated capitalism of the
immediate post-war era through changes that the international level (for example, the
Tobin Tax) that would restore greater economic power to the nation state
Autonomist anti-capitalism sees in the decentralized network forms of organizing
characteristic of the movement the strategic and ethical resources from which an
alternative to capitalism will emerge
Socialist anti-capitalism (the position outlined at more length in the next chapter)
argued that the only alternative to capitalism consistent with modernity is a
democratically planned economy
The ideological heterogeneity of the anti-capitalist movement has been expressed in a
series of tensions and debates implicit in which is the old dilemma of reform and
revolution: a framework needs to be developed through which these differences can be
acknowledged and discussed without compromising the unity of the movement
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