Philosophy 3810F/G Chapter Notes -Counter-Terrorism, Covert Operation, Counter-Insurgency

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Published on 12 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Philosophy
Course
Philosophy 3810F/G
Professor
CONTENDING CULTURES OF COUNTERTERRORISM READINGS
INTRO
Europe has conceptualized radical Islam in less absolute terms
Emphasized regional multilateralism attempted to encourage peacekeeping as partaking
in gruelling counterinsurgency operations
Emphasize the containment of risk, consensus-building and balance of power
The implications of these divergent cultures for the future of the relationship between
Europe and the US are enormous
US seeking greater multilateral engagement
STRATEGIC CULTURES
Strategic culture remains an ill-defined and under-used concept, accompanied by an
acknowledgement of its limitations
Based on the understanding that states are predisposed by their historical experiences,
political systems and cultures to deal with security issues in a particular way
Historical experience and strategic culture are often connected through a process of
reasoning by analogy
International terrorism blurs the boundaries between external security and internal
security
State responses are likely to be mixed
Traditional ways of addressing terrorism might be grouped into three broad categories:
first: a mixture of pre-emption, deterrence and retribution, second regulatory or legal-
judicial responses that seek to enhance the criminal penalties for terrorist activities and
improve civil-police cooperation; third appeasing options ranging from accommodation
to concession
American counter-terrorist operations have been adversely affected by a diet and binge
approach to covert action and aggressive human intelligence collection
This absence of sizeable domestic threat result in domestic counter-terror capacity
being allowed to languish
European: the fact that terrorism was usually a national problem meant that it rarely
resulted in sustained cooperation between European states
The 9/11 attacks brought home to Europe its own vulnerability
NATURE OF NEW TERRORISM
One of the traits historically associated with American strategic culture has been a
tendency to assert the importance of new developments that break with the past
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Document Summary

Europe has conceptualized radical islam in less absolute terms. Emphasized regional multilateralism attempted to encourage peacekeeping as partaking in gruelling counterinsurgency operations. Emphasize the containment of risk, consensus-building and balance of power. The implications of these divergent cultures for the future of the relationship between. Strategic culture remains an ill-defined and under-used concept, accompanied by an acknowledgement of its limitations. Based on the understanding that states are predisposed by their historical experiences, political systems and cultures to deal with security issues in a particular way. Historical experience and strategic culture are often connected through a process of reasoning by analogy. International terrorism blurs the boundaries between external security and internal security. State responses are likely to be mixed. American counter-terrorist operations have been adversely affected by a diet and binge approach to covert action and aggressive human intelligence collection. This absence of sizeable domestic threat result in domestic counter-terror capacity being allowed to languish.

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