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Terrorism - Ethics of Care, Held.docx

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Western University
Philosophy 2083F/G
Frank Cameron

MILITARY INTERVENTION AND ETHICS OF CARE – HELD  For violence arising within political conflict and being dealt with in political and legal ways, the more familiar approaches often remain appropriate  The ethics of care especially values caring relations between persons  The ethics of care sees persons and interrelated  The ethics of care has developed care as a value that rivals justice and it evaluates practices of care  It can conceptualize that within the more distant and weak relations of care that can be formed, we can develop political and legal was to interact  Violence has played an overwhelming role in establishing the boundaries and memberships of states  A moral theory such as the ethics of care is needed to provide that we care enough about our fellow human beings to actually respect their rights and take appropriate account of their interests and especially that we refrain from aggressive violence  The ethics of care recognizes the gross limitations of law and the superiority of other moral approaches for much of human value  Can recommend respect for international law while contributing to more promising alternatives  We should work to build the interactions that are not primarily political and legal – the often nongovernmental networks of civil society gradually extend their reach so that caring can be better expressed  Care needs to be interpreted from the perspective of the recipient as well as the provider  Values of care can provide guidance for both – an ideal of nonviolence governs the practice of maternal care  A politics of peace should be resolutely suspicious of violence even in the best of causes MILITARY INTERVENTION  Military intervention: when it would or would not be morally justifiable and how one should think about intervening militarily to prevent terrorism  International law seemed clearly constructed to promote the interests of existing states, no matter how morally dubious their standing or objectives  Relying on experience we can conclude that norms that independent states agree to that international law is the best available source of such norms CHALLENGE OF TERRORISM  That states cannot translate overwhelming military force into victory over terrorists  Robert Pape – shows that the primary goal of nearly all terrorists is to assist with the groups with which they identify by ridding their lands of foreign military forces GROUNDS FOR INTERVENTION  The norms of international law requiring states to renounce aggression against one another and to resort to military force only on grounds of individual or collective self-defense authorized by the UNSC have been fairly clearly worked out  Norms were developed concerning intervention to prevent the massive violations of human rights that occur in genocide and ethnic cleansing  The justification of intervention depends entirely on its consequences  Outlaw states are aggressive and dangerous; all peoples are safer and more secure if such states change or are forced to change their ways 
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