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Citizenship Theory.doc

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Philosophy 2801F/G

WEEK 5 LECT 1 CITIZENSHIP THEORY • people are more engaged in their private lives than they are in the political life • communitarianism - more concerned with groups • what our private interests are in relation to the state WHY DOES CITIZENSHIP MATTER? • generally, we've been looking at theories of justice and how political institutions ought to operate • contemporary interest in citizenship has largely been motivated by the recognition that getting the institutions right isn't enough • a just society requires a citizenry that is prepared to act responsibly so as to comple- ment and bolster those institutions • idea of checks and balances from different levels of government in order to keep peo- ple in order but it doesn't seem to have come to fruition as well as it should've • need people who want to participate in political system and are conservative in their economic endeavors • calls for a different way of thinking about citizenship for all individuals, view of citizen- ship that would complement your theory of justice VIRTUES AND PRACTICES OF DEMOCRATIC CITIZENS • much of liberal thinking has assumed that what is important about citizenship is that individuals be assured a certain range of rights - importance of entitlements • many commentators argue that we need a stronger focus on citizen responsibilities and obligations GALSTON'S FOUR TYPESW OF CIVIC VIRTUES • 1. General Virtues: ie courage, law abidingness, loyalty • 2. Social Virtues: ie independence, open mindedness • 3. Economic Virtues: ie work ethic, capacity to delay self gratification, adaptability to economic and technological changes • 4. Political Virtues: capacity to discern and respect the rights of others, ability to criti- cize those around you that are in office, engaging in public discourse THE VIRTUES AND PRACTICES OF DEMOCRATIC CITIZENS • one virtue that's been given particular attention is that of public reasonableness • the vote centric vs talk centric view of political participation - ability to vote is not enough for political society, thinks that it compromises legitimacy • we have reason to believe that we've fallen short on public reasonableness CIVIC REPUBLICANISM • civic republicanism is a school of thought that focuses on how we ought to upend the so called syndrome of civic privatism • we can divide it into two camps • 1. Aristotelian Republicanism: the activities of political participation should not be seen as burdensome but ra
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