Textbook Notes (362,842)
Canada (158,078)
Philosophy (286)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Philosophy 3810F/G
Steve D' Arcy

CONTENDING CULTURES OF COUNTERTERRORISM – READINGS INTRO  Europe has conceptualized radical Islam in less absolute terms  Emphasized regional multilateralism attempted to encourage peacekeeping as partaking in gruelling counterinsurgency operations  Emphasize the containment of risk, consensus-building and balance of power  The implications of these divergent cultures for the future of the relationship between Europe and the US are enormous  US seeking greater multilateral engagement STRATEGIC CULTURES  Strategic culture remains an ill-defined and under-used concept, accompanied by an acknowledgement of its limitations  Based on the understanding that states are predisposed by their historical experiences, political systems and cultures to deal with security issues in a particular way  Historical experience and strategic culture are often connected through a process of reasoning by analogy  International terrorism blurs the boundaries between external security and internal security  State responses are likely to be mixed  Traditional ways of addressing terrorism might be grouped into three broad categories: first: a mixture of pre-emption, deterrence and retribution, second regulatory or legal- judicial responses that seek to enhance the criminal penalties for terrorist activities and improve civil-police cooperation; third appeasing options ranging from accommodation to concession  American counter-terrorist operations have been adversely affected by a diet and binge approach to covert action and aggressive human intelligence collection  This absence of sizeable domestic threat result in domestic counter-terror capacity being allowed to languish  European: the fact that terrorism was usually a national problem meant that it rarely resulted in sustained cooperation between European states  The 9/11 attacks brought home to Europe its own vulnerability NATURE OF NEW TERRORISM  One of the traits historically associated with American strategic culture has been a tendency to assert the importance of new developments that break with the past  The most plausible assertions about the emergence of a new terrorism were made in the mid-1990s  The new terror was more apolitical and casualties were themselves the objective  Al-Qaeda has tended to invest sporadic training and expertise in particular groups, rather than directing them – Osama bin Laden is an icon rather than a leader  Politicians on both sides of the Atlantic have been quick to seize on the rhetoric of new terrorism because it mobilized elected assemblies CONTRASTING COUNTERTERRORISM  A vast military deployment in Columbia is also increasingly justified on the grounds of coun
More Less

Related notes for Philosophy 3810F/G

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.