Political ideologies and the democratic ideal terence ball and richard dagger. Ideologies are sets of ideas that shape people"s thinking and actions with regard to race, nationality, the role and function of government, the relations between men and women, human responsibility for the natural environment and many other matters. To understand complex political ideas, you must understand history. Offer a way of looking at complex events and try to make sense of them. Supplies its adherent with an orientation and a sense of identity: help people orient themselves, who they are and how they fit into the world. Tells its followers what to do and how to do it. Set of basic beliefs about human nature. It is the nature of humans to compete with each other in hopes of acquiring the greatest possible share of scarce resources. Conception of freedom: one is free from something or free to do something. Triadic model of freedom: the agent.