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Chapter 3

ITPP Chapter 3

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E

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An Introduction to Political Philosophy
Chapter 3 (62-77)
29 September 2011
- democracy: government of the people, by the people, for the peopl
- it exists for the sake of its citizens (not for the rules)
- 1st tension:
- majority rule (votes)
- consideration for individuals (those who didnt vote for you)
- everyone needs to be treated fairly (protection)
- 2nd tension:
- "representation" and "direct" models of democracy
- vote for or against laws and policies (direct)
- Plato is against democracy
- "the people" could be the mob, democracy is a mob rule
- "people" may not be qualified (if you were sick, you wouldnt talk to your dog,
you would talk to your doctor)
- they may have no skill judgement (Plato says leave it to the experts), they
would need training
Problems with Guardianship:
- Plato believes in dictatorship, leave it to the experts
- they may however be corrupt (Plato says eliminate what makes them corrupt)
- they may however break or change this law, so you cant eliminate what makes
them corrupt
- the rules would be picked out at an early age, and undergo training which
allows them to be experts (work like an army)
- but most people wouldnt have the benefits of a philosophical education
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