Individual decision making diverges from the rational model in at least three systematic ways: misperceptions and selective perceptions, the mistake processing of the available information about a decision. In the editing phase, they frame the options available and the probabilities of various outcomes associated with each option: then, in the evaluation phase, they assess the options and choose. Interagency tensions also affect the formulation of foreign policy: certain agencies traditionally clash, and an endless tug-of-war shapes the foreign policies that emerge. In ir, the range of views on foreign policy issues held by the citizens of a state: public opinion has greater influence on foreign policy in democracies than in authoritarian governments. Making foreign policy: foreign policy process, the process by which foreign policies are arrived at and implemented, comparative foreign policy. To summarize, foreign policy is a complex outcome of a complex process. It results from the struggle of competing themes, competing domestic interests, and competing government agencies.