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Chapter 8

Political Science 2246E Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Deliberative Democracy, Classical Republicanism, Bureaucracy

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2246E
Joseph Lyons

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Democratic Administration
o The rise of democratic administration is a “remarkable developing taking
place in the political culture of the liberal democracies, one that in the
future may come to be seen as marking a historic turning point, a
moment of departure in political time”
o The emergence of democratic administration coincided with a massive
restructuring of government and its bureaucracy
o Citizen empowerment leads to two central critiques of conventional forms
of bureaucracy; the first critique relates to the issue of accountability; the
second emphasizes the issue of participation
o In the first critique bureaucrats are viewed as insufficiently accountable to
citizens for their actions and decision-making
o One of the most active areas of democratic administration is policing
o The second critique of conventional bureaucracy asserts that there is too
little scope for public participation in the administrative process and that
citizens experience a pervasive sense of powerlessness
o Democracy is a spectrum rather than a threshold that is or is not crossed
o Weber’s ideal type of rational-legal public administration is the dominant
ideology of bureaucratic organization and authority in most liberal
o Weber identifies a variety of criteria that include;
Tenure of office
The provision of fixed salaries to officials
The organization of bureaucratic units along hierarchical lines
o Advocates of Weberian bureaucracy stress the functional distinctions
between politics and administration
o According to the politics-administration dichotomy, politics is devoted to
the development of laws, policies and public values, while administration
is devoted to the technical process or implementing those laws, policies,
and values
o This politics-administration dichotomy is rested on a myth
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