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3314E (20)
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Political Science 3314E Chapter Notes -State-Owned Enterprise, Postcolonialism, List Of Civilisations In The Culture Series


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 3314E
Professor
Radoslav Dimitrov

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END OF THE POST-COLONIAL STATE? READINGS
ABSTRACT
The term acquired widespread currency not long after independence in
acknowledgement of the importance into the new state practices
BEGINNING
Primary discursive referent for the new polities was post-independent
The achievement of independence was a defining historical moment
Formal sovereignty and anti-colonial struggle gradually became less salient as defining
attributes than the colonial origins of the African state
Irresistible pressures of liberalization, resulted had widely divergent results, poorly
captured by the notion of post-colonialist
The fundamental nature of post-colonial arrangements was challenged economically
and politically for market liberalization and democratization
Operate with varying degrees of autonomy, acting with state agents as well as
international agencies, donor representatives with the non-governmental sector no
single designation emerges
Overpowering image of strength and authority meant to coercive powers did not
require constant application
The man on the sport had broad latitude in the exercise of his powers, unless disorder
broke out requiring central intervention
Imperial centers reasserted their sovereignty in assuming control of decolonization
negotiation
The scope of the colonial state radically expanded in the post-war years
The minimal social infrastructure became an urgent target for expansion
Educational and health facilities multiplied
Doctrine of colonial fiscal self-sufficiency was finally abandoned command hierarchy
was now fleshed out with a proliferating array of technical services
Wartime imperatives of controlling the supply of basic primary commodities led to
important new forms of state intervention in the economy
Robust authority of the colonial state continued to hold in its decolonization phase
ANATOMY OF THE POST-COLONIAL STATE
Incorporation of the colonial state legacy into the post colonial state simply reflected
natural inertial forces
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A number of years passed before the ascendancy of imperial legal orders outside of
personal status issues was challenged
The developmental state was the moment of African independence coincided with the
zenith of confidence in state-led development
China which inspired many young African intellectuals at the time created a famine
which claimed an estimated 30 million lives
Socialist orientation was not a necessary prerequisite for commitment to state led-
development
The western model for African intellectuals was the welfare state, especially its highest
form in the Nordic states
If he parastatal enterprise was not legitimated by socialist orientation - the state had to
serve as a surrogate collective capitalist
Affront to sovereignty, an engine of underdevelopment through siphoning of resources
and the profits from their extraction to the metropolitan centers
Countries operating from a self-consciously socialist orientation tended to be first to
undertake nationalization of major colonial enterprises
In tackling the multinational giants, African states were unable to control downstream
operations or directly manage man production operations
From 1968 to 1973 a wave of indigenization measures swept Africa
Governments enacted indigenization decrees designed to squeeze immigrant traders
out of the commercial and light industrial sectors in favour of nationals
Tanzania indigenization linked to state expansion more indirectly, through the channel
of patrimonial aggrandizement
Virtually everywhere state initiative launched plants for processed foods
Most frequently under state ownership, liability for the capitalizing debts and deficits of
the enterprises rested with the state
The whole community must act in the national interest
Implementation of the single-part model quickly centralized authority in the ruler
Local representative institutions simply dissolved
Successful centralization of power and monopolization of political space did not suffice
to ensure the unhindered hegemony of the post colonial state
Stte power was personalized through cults deoted to the ruler
Government stands in the same relationship to its citizens that father does to his
children
State power was the key source of accumulation
Commodity prices were more volatile and less consistently advantageous than in the
1950s, but still high by historical standards
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