Readings12Snow15.docx

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Readings Week 12 Snow Chapter 15 Failed States: Case of Pakistan
PRECIS
This region provided a breeding ground and safe haven for terrorists harbouring the
avowed intent to weak havoc in the US
Transforming the countries involved so that they will no longer be prone to produce or
sustain terrorists
Somalia lacked an effective central government for roughly two decades
THE NATURE OF FAILED STATES
Definitions of failed states core the notion of the collapse of legitimate authority and the
inability to replace that authority resulting in a governmental void that destabilizes the
places it occurs
Generally ascribed characteristics of a legal state
Physical territory over which sovereign control is maintained
The absence of a universal authority does not mean the kind of total failure suggested
by the ideal form of failure
The least severe case of failure occurs fragile states and which I have called failure prone
states
Susceptible to crisis in one or more of its subsystems
Religious and ethnic divisions in the country have never been able historically to reach a
peaceful political accord that allows them to coexist in anything like a mutually
satisfactory political order
Crisis state: adequate deterioration in one or more sectors to be moving toward total
failure
The fund for peace offers four primary criteria by which a state may reach the
designation of failed
1. Loss of physical control of territory or monopoly of the legitimate use of force
therein breakdown of internal order normally associated with self-policing
2. Erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions
3. Inability to provide reasonable public services
4. Inability to interact as a full member of the international community
FAILED STATE INDEX
Profiles of failed states are not identical
The index is composed of 12 factors divided into 3 categories there are 4 social
indicators, 2 economic indicators and 6 political indicators
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