Readings20Stiles13.docx

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READINGS WEEK 20 STILES: CHAPTER 13 HUMAN SECURITY
INTRODUCTION
Economic security includes protection from cheap foreign imports, excessive foreign
borrowing, foreign ownership of key domestic resources and so forth
Neither approach ever pays enough attention to individuals
As many as 1000 people have died each day from various causes directly related to the
conflict since its inception
The UN Commission on Human Security top 10 priorities
1. Protecting people in violent conflict
2. Protecting people from the proliferation of arms
3. Supporting the security of people on the move
4. Establishing human security transition funds for post-conflict situations
5. Encouraging fair trade and markets to benefit the extreme poor
6. Working to provide minimum living standards everywhere
7. According higher priority to ensuring universal access to basic health case
8. Developing an efficient and equitable global system for patent rights
9. Empowering all people with universal basic education
10. Clarifying the need for a global human identity while respecting the freedom of
individuals to have diverse identities and affiliations
Congo, diseases spread more rapidly where institutions have degraded
HISTORY OF PANDEMICS
Illnesses are spreading due to urbanization and urban sprawl 0 unsafe practices on the
part of individuals
Have allowed diseases to spread much faster than otherwise
Immediate causes are explained by broader trends that include poverty and ignorance
Poor nutrition undermines the immune system, making all more vulnerable to infection
Social discrimination may cause parts of the population to be exploited and thus
become vulnerable to the spread of disease
The capitalist market pushes firms to pursue more lucrative drugs over vaccines for third
world diseases
And technical innovations and lowered trade barriers make it far easier for people and
products to move rapidly over international boundaries, making it nearly impossible for
anyone to be entirely safe
The drama of smallpox eradication came in the efforts to travel into the hinterland of
poor countries
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