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Chapter 3

Political Science 4426F/G Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Leo Kuper, Genocide Convention, Pol Pot


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 4426F/G
Professor
James S Quinn
Chapter
3

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Hinton Ch 3 - Genocide: It's Political Use in the 20th
Century, Leo Kuper
September-28-10
6:45 PM
Convention Preamble
oGenocide is an "odious scourge which has inflicted great losses on
humanity in all periods of history
Assyrian obliteration of cities, Rome and Carthage, Greece and
Troy
Religion & Genocide
oReligious differences may be the driving force in genocidal conflict
oMay define the lines along which other conflict erupt
Religion may provide the fuel
oThe Crusades, the Inquisition
Our Era: Colonization & Decolonization
oFaith in political ideology and religion serves as a motivating factor for
genocide
oMajor arena for contemporary genocidal conflict and massacre is found
within the sovereign state
It is a phenomenon of the plural society
oSartre on Genocide (US in Vietnam)
Since the blatant aggression of colonial conquests kindles the
hatred of the civilian population and since the civilians are potentially
rebels and soldiers, the colonial troops maintain their authority by
perpetual massacres
Aimed at the destruction "of part on an ethnic, national,
or religious group" so to terrorize the remainder and to wrench
apart the indigenous society
Are therefore genocidal characters
Qualification that in situations where there is an infrastructural
contradiction arising from the dependence of the colonizers on the
labour of the colonized, there are restraints on the extent of the
physical destruction of local populations
Argues that colonization cannot take place without
systematically liquidating all the characteristics of the native
society
oCultural Genocide
Term should be reserved for a deliberate policy to eliminate a
culture
The "borrowing" of cultural aspects inherent to colonization is
not automatically genocidal
oEnduring nature of Colonized vs Colonizer
Struggle to impose and maintain political control is generally
accompanied by appropriation of land and other productive resources,
giving rise to systematic political ad economic exploitation, supported
by justifying ideologies
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