State - Sovereignty, Philpot.docx

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Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

SOVEREIGNTY – DANIEL PHILPOTT  Sovereignty: supreme authority within a territory  Authority – the right to command and correlatively, the right to be obeyed  Sovereignty is a matter of right or legitimacy, not one of mere power  Legitimacy means a sort of consensually conferred authoritative sanction, whether this be natural law, a divine mandate or international law  Sovereignty its crucial also to supremacy  Territoriality – principle that defines the set of people who live under the holder of sovereignty, or the supreme authority  The parallel between sovereignty and private property is the modern principle based on territoriality  Territoriality often does not succeed in defining membership so as to correspond with the identity of a people or nation  Diversity can be organized somewhat through three dimensions along which forms of sovereignty vary: the holders of sovereignty, the absolute or non-absolute character of sovereignty; and the configuration of the internal and external dimensions of sovereignty  Sovereign is bound by divine and natural law  Sovereignty can be absolute or non-absolute, absoluteness is a matter of the scope of authority  A holder of sovereignty wield authority within a territory but also at the time same does so in outside states and organizations, from whom it may legitimately expect non-interference  Sovereignty is the principle that constitutes states and the rules by which they are to interact in the first place  It is violated, to be sure, but it also defines the very rules that are subject to violation SOVEREIGNTY ASCENDANT  Strands that represented the shift of Medieval Europe into a sovereign nation  1. Emergence of the sovereign state as virtually the sole form of de facto constitutional authority on the continent and the accompanying decline of the transnational authority of the holy roman empire at and in the wake of the Peace of Westphalia represents the first strand  2. A general diminishment of international intervention, proscription of which was to become a th defining norm of the international system in the 18 century  3. A corresponding third strand was a general, continent wide Erastinanism by which churches became subordinated to the authority of states  The fourth strand complements the third: a sharp decrease in the temporal powers of religious authorities  5. The fifth strand was the rise of nationalism as an identity and source of loyalty.  As Europe underwent its long transformation fro
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