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PIDI 25-41

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Political Science
Political Science 1020E

Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal Pages 25 - 41 4 October 2011 Democracy and Republic: - "republic" dervies from the Latin "res publica" = "the public thing," or "public business" The Republic and Mixed Government: - Polybius came up with the theory that everyone powerful empire or country is doomed to decline (history and nature tells us that no human creation lasts forever) - The Roman Republic was a mixed government because the monarchy, the aristocracy, or the democracy held all power - balanced all three regimes in a way that provided the benefits of each form while avoiding its defects - democracy promoted the self-interested rule of the common people while a republic promoted virtue - virtue was the ability of an individual to rise above personal or class interest to place to the good of the whole community above one's own Christianity and Democracy: - everyone is equal in the eyes of God - early Christian were anti-political - Earth is prep for Heaven, so the affairs of Earth have no true value of lasting significance - Christians beleved that you should obey those inpower and seek no power yourself Renaissnace and Republicanism: - rebirth - key concpets in the republican discourse was liberty, virtue, and corruption (Niccolo Machiavelli) - Machiavelli wrote a book called "The Prince," which heb apparently instructed princes and petty tyrants to put conscience aside and do whatevver it takes - lie, steal, murder, ect. - to stay in power - in his other book, "Discourse," he makes it clear his distrust for the princes as he analyzes the factors that promote the longeutiy of a vital, virtuous, and free form of governemt - the republic (no single class rules) - all classes share power - the love of wealth, luxury, and ease, together makes corruption says Machiavelli - to keep corruption away, Machiavelli says citizens must demonstrate virtue - government of laws, not mean (it is fare and consistant) The Atlantic Republican Tradition: - interest sparked in England in both republicanism and democracy - after the beheading of King Charles I, Oliver Cromwell become a republic leader - after his death, the republic failed - James Harrington persuaded Cromwell to create a "balanced" system of governmment - divide out land,
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