Political Science 2237E Chapter 312-343: 2237 Cahn 312-343

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Political Science
Political Science 2237E
Richard Vande Wetering

Political Science 2237 April 10, 2017 Cahn 312343 Leviathan The introduction The sovereignty is the artificial soul of the commonwealth and giving life and motion to the whole body Part one Of man Motion produces nothing but motion There will be two animals, two sorts of motions peculiar to them: one called vital (blood, pulse, breathing) and the other animal motion (speak, move) Imagination is the first internal beginning of all voluntary motion Small beginnings of motion, within the body of man, before they appear in walking, speaking, striking and other visible actions are commonly called endeavours Those things we dont desire or hate we are said to contemn (contempt) Continual success in obtaining those things which a man from time to time desireth, is called felicity The form of speech whereby men signify their opinion of the goodness of any thing is praise The power of a man is his present means to obtain some future apparent good and is either original or instrumental Natural power is the eminence of the faculties of body or mind as extraordinary strength, form, prudence, arts, eloquence, liberality and nobility The value or worth of a man is as of all other things, his price that is to say, so much as would be given for the use of his power There must be a first mover, that is a first and an eternal cause of all things which is that which men call God The passions that incline men to peace are dear of death and a hope by their industry to obtain them The right of nature which writers commonly call jus natural, is the liberty each man hath to use his own power as he will himself, for the preservation of his own nature By liberty is understood according to the proper signification of the word, the absence of external impediments A law of nature is a precept or general rule found out by reason by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life Right consists in liberty to do or to forbear whereas law determines and bind to one of them so that law and right differ as much as obligation and liberty The condition of man is a condition of war of everyone against everyone in which case everyone is governed by his own reason
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