Essential Readings in Comparative Politics.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 2245E
Bruce Morrison

Essential Readings in Comparative Politics 10/15/2012 4:30:00 PM Lichbach and Zuckerman Intellectual Origins  Aristotle  primacy he assigned politics and problems/methods similar to current studies  Comparativists want to understand the critical events of the day o Theory explained as it exists, not in abstractions  Contemporary comparative politics response to political problems post WWII o Communist threats, peasant rebellions, etc. o Worldwide movements toward democratic rule Rational Choice Theorists  Follow path laid out by Hobbes, Smith, Pareto  Assumptions about actors who act deliberately to maximize their advantage  Analysis begins at individual  collective actions, choices, and institutions  Downs, Olson, Riker  Mathematical reasoning  Comparative static experiments Culturists  Montesquieu  Weber, Mosca  Need to understand varied ways of life, systems of meaning and values  Frequently draw from fieldwork  detailed readings of cases  Seek to understand  Strong doubts about ability to generalize to abstract categories  Interpretive understandings Structuralists  Draw together long-standing interests in political and social institutions  Emphasize formality of governments, how states and society’s interact, political parties, political economy  Marx, Weber  Study historical dynamics of real social types 10/15/2012 4:30:00 PM Weber - Politics as a vocation (1918)  Sought to lay out basic ways in which we understand political power  Munich speech  Modern definition of state: monopoly of force over territory  Central forms of political authority (traditional, charismatic, rational-legal)  Development of modern state alongside growing domination of the bureaucracy – politics as a profession rather than a calling  Pure types of legitimacy rarely found in reality  Obedience out of fear and hope  Political leadership in the form of the parliamentary “party leader” has grown on the soil of the constitutional state  Essential for the concept of the contemporary state o Separation of the admin staff, of the admin officials, and of the workers from the material means of admin organization  Politics as an avocation is today practiced by all party agents and heads of voluntary political associations who only function when summoned  Under normal circumstances, the politician must be economically independent of the income politics can bring him, hence he is a man who receives unearned income  Entrepreneurs are not dispensable, they are tied to their enterprises, therefore unfit politician candidates usually Herbst – War and the State of Africa (1980)  Historical studies on state formation in Europe and whether we can expect similar outcome in other parts of the world  Warfare v. Remnants of empires  ill equipped for administrative tasks and lack national identity  Weak states that can’t secure propensity of security as a result of lack of warfare  More civil conflict, permanently weak states  Develop non-traditional policies for these new brands of states?  At most basic level, war in Europe acted as a filter where weak states were eliminated and political arrangements that were not viable either reformed or disappeared  War giving the state ability to increase taxation o Greater efficiency and less public resistance to tax hikes o War puts a strain on leader to find new and more regular sources of income o Threat to survival will overwhelm concerns about taxation o “Ratchet Effect”  revenue increases sharply when a nation is fighting and does not decline to the ante bellum level when hostilities cease o Organization, maintenance and reinforcement of authority  Nationalism giving the State a
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 2245E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.