Law - Genocide and Mass Violence, Jones.docx

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 3201F/G
Dan Bousfield

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GENOCIDE AND MASS VIOLENCE – ADAM JONES  Most feminisms have an epistemological foundation in the realm of women’s experiences use this to demonstrate that women and the feminine constitute historically under-privileged, under-represented, and under-recognized social groups and standpoints, and make the explicitly normative claim that this should change in the direction of greater equality  In similar fashion, genocide scholars seek not just to understand genocide but to suppress it and if possible banish it from human affairs  Both genocide studies and feminist IR therefore seek to establish normatively grounded prohibition regimes in the domestic and international practice of states and peoples  Lemkin referred to the destruction of a collectivity in a wider, social civilizational context  Not only murdering members of groups, but also destroying their cultural foundations and scattering their populations far and wide, could qualify as genocide  Genocide became a crime under international law  That the subject can be approached from both a historical direction, reflecting the twin underpinnings – empirical and normative – of both genocide studies and feminist international relations  The definition should, include a sexual group  Until relatively recently, explorations of gender and mass conflict , including genocide, focused overwhelmingly on the component of anti-female victimization and discrimination  Rape and sexual assault were foundational themes of second wave feminism  View rape as a longstanding weapon of war and of male terrorism against women  Feminist critiques aimed to crystallize another conceptualization of sexual violence: as a crime against the female victim. While this may seem self-evident, international law in particular approached sexual violence only circuitously  Feminist mobilizations, including substantial street demonstrations in the Americas and Europe, produced a sea change in the understanding of sexual violence, and the sanctions devised to confront it  High representation of females in many populations of refugees and the ethnically cleansed generated substantial attention among UN bodies and non-governmental organizations  Implicit in much of this analysis, however, was an absent subject, the makes also swept up in these conflicts, and their universe of gendered experience. The male as soldier rapist was a well- established motif – the necessary counterpart to the highlighted female rape victim. The male was rarely considered, however as gendered victim of conflict  These practices of gender selective massacre and atrocities against males – no less prevalent and institutionalized in the historical record than the rape and sexual exploitation of women  In none of these cases did gender alone determine outcomes – most obviously variables of age and class/caste were prominent in the mix  As feminists have stressed, a hig
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