African - Rodney Chpt 6.docx

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Political Science
Political Science 3205F/G
Richard Vande Wetering

BENEFITS TO CAPITALISM?  Colonialism was a system which functioned well in the interests of the metropoles  Capitalism did bring social services to European workers  Nothing remotely comparable occurred in Afirca  The limited social services within Africa during colonial times were distributed in a manner that reflected the pattern of domination and exploitation  Medical, maternity and sanitation services were all geared towards the well being of the settlers  The government committed itself to pursuing the odious policy of apartheid, which meant separation of the races so as to better to exploit the African people  Socio-economic services to decrease in colonies or areas which produced few goods to be shipped abroad  Particular regions needed to be opened up to import export activities – where exports were not available, roads and railways had no place. The only slight exception is that certain roads and railways were built to move troops and make conquest and oppression easier  The financial institutions of colonial Africa were even more scandalously neglectful of indigenous African interests  The capital that was invested in 19 century commerce was part of the capital that had derived from the trade in slaves  Balance of payments and to get a world equilibrium, it is essential that African resources should be developed and made available  The so-called development funds for Africa went almost exclusively into the building of economic infrastructures and into the provision of certain social services  When capitalism came into contact with the still largely communal African societies, it introduced money relations at the expense of kinship ties  Capitalism in the form of colonialism failed to perform in Africa the tasks which it had performed in Europe in changing social relations and liberating the forces of production  By its very nature, colonialism was prejudiced against the establishment of industries in Africa  No industry meant not generation of skills  Much of the dynamism of capitalism lay in the way the growth created more opportunities for further growth  In some districts, capitalism brought about technological backwardness in agriculture – far too many Africans were crowded onto inadequate land  The land yielded less and less and became destroyed in the process  Slave labor was unsuitable for carrying out industrial activity  Capitalists under colonialism did not pay enough for an African to maintain himself and family  African contribution of unskilled labor was valued far less than the European contribution of skilled labour  The quantity of time spent by the Chad peasant was longer because colonialism did not permit him to acquire the tools to shorten the hours required to produce a given quantity of raw cotton  Struggle to regain African independence was conditioned by the administrative framework of the given colonies  Within any social system the oppressed find some room to maneuver through their own initiative  Colonialism was negative of freedom from the viewpoint of the colonized NEGATIVE CHARACTISTICS AND CONSEQUENCES  The development of Africa expression for the intensification of colonial exploitation in Africa to develop capitalist Europe  Power is the ultimate detriment in human society, being basic to the relations within any group and between groups  The question of power determines manoeuvrability in bargaining  Colonial powers found it convenient to create superior or paramount rulers. Very often the local population hated and despised such colonial stooges  Capitalist society has failed to resolve the inequality between man and woman, which was entrenched in all modes of production prior to socialism  African women under colonialism is the social, religious, constitutional and political privileges and rights disappeared, while the economic exploitation continued and was often intensified  Tribalism – Africans have a basic loyalty to tribe rather than nation and that each tribe still retains a fundamental hostility towards its neighboring tribes  Atavism to carry the notion that Africans were returning to their primitive savagery  A product of administrative devices, of entrenched regional separations of differential access by particular ethnic groups into the colonial economy and culture  Pre colonial trade had started the trend of the disintegration of African economies and their technological impoverishment  Most African handicraft industries still had vitality at the start of the colonial period  The destruction of technology under colonialism must be related to the barriers raised in the path of African initiative  Colonialism provided Africa with no real growth points  Policy of establishing native reserves was openly followed. Inside a reserve, the major means of production was the land  In no African colony was there economic integration or any provision for making the economy self sustained and geared to its own local goals  Diversified agriculture was within the African tradition. Monoculture was a colonialist invention  Nothing natural about monoculture was a characteristic of regions falling under imperialist domination  Colonialism created conditions which led to chronic undernourishment, malnutritution and deterioration in the physique of the African people  Indicates that African diet was previously more varied being based on a more diversified agriculture than was possible under colonialism  Education also promotes
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