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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 3314E
Radoslav Dimitrov

END OF THE POST-COLONIAL STATE? – READINGS ABSTRACT  The term acquired widespread currency not long after independence in acknowledgement of the importance into the new state practices BEGINNING  Primary discursive referent for the new polities was post-independent  The achievement of independence was a defining historical moment  Formal sovereignty and anti-colonial struggle gradually became less salient as defining attributes than the colonial origins of the African state  Irresistible pressures of liberalization, resulted had widely divergent results, poorly captured by the notion of post-colonialist  The fundamental nature of post-colonial arrangements was challenged economically and politically – for market liberalization and democratization  Operate with varying degrees of autonomy, acting with state agents as well as international agencies, donor representatives with the non-governmental sector – no single designation emerges  Overpowering image of strength and authority meant to coercive powers did not require constant application  The man on the sport had broad latitude in the exercise of his powers, unless disorder broke out requiring central intervention  Imperial centers reasserted their sovereignty in assuming control of decolonization negotiation  The scope of the colonial state radically expanded in the post-war years  The minimal social infrastructure became an urgent target for expansion  Educational and health facilities multiplied  Doctrine of colonial fiscal self-sufficiency was finally abandoned – command hierarchy was now fleshed out with a proliferating array of technical services  Wartime imperatives of controlling the supply of basic primary commodities led to important new forms of state intervention in the economy  Robust authority of the colonial state continued to hold in its decolonization phase ANATOMY OF THE POST-COLONIAL STATE  Incorporation of the colonial state legacy into the post colonial state simply reflected natural inertial forces  A number of years passed before the ascendancy of imperial legal orders outside of personal status issues was challenged  The developmental state was the moment of African independence coincided with the zenith of confidence in state-led development  China which inspired many young African intellectuals at the time created a famine which claimed an estimated 30 million lives  Socialist orientation was not a necessary prerequisite for commitment to state led- development  The western model for African intellectuals was the welfare state, especially its highest form in the Nordic states  If he parastatal enterprise was not legitimated by socialist orientation - the state had to serve as a surrogate collective capitalist  Affront to sovereignty, an engine of underdevelopment through siphoning of resources and the profits from their extraction to the metropolitan centers  Countries operating from a self-consciously socialist orientation tended to be first to undertake nationalization of major colonial enterprises  In tackling the multinational giants, African states were unable to control downstream operations or directly manage man production operations  From 1968 to 1973 a wave of indigenization measures swept Africa  Governments enacted indigenization decrees designed to squeeze immigrant traders out of the commercial and light industrial sectors in favour of nationals  Tanzania indigenization linked to state expansion more indirectly, through the channel of patrimonial aggrandizement  Virtually everywhere state initiative launched plants for processed foods  Most frequently under state ownership, liability for the capitalizing debts and deficits of the enterprises rested with the state  The whole community must act in the national interest  Implementation of the single-part model quickly centralized authority in the ruler  Local representative institutions simply dissolved  Successful centralization of power and monopolization of political space did not suffice to ensure the unhindered hegemony of the post colonial state  Stte power was personalized through cults deoted to the ruler  Government stands in the same relationship to its citizens that father does to his children  State power was the key source of accumulation  Commodity prices were more volatile and less consistently advantageous than in the 1950s, but still high by historical standards  The developmental impact of the aid was uneven at best, aid flows were a significant component of the resource base of many countries  1960s new funds were needed to finance state expansion  Major commercial banks briefly found African lending attractive in the early 1970s  Mid-1970s African post-colonial states appeared to enjoy a robust hegemony over their population  The objective of the dominant groups in the state apparatus is the control, the
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