Peacekeeping and Humanitarian Disaster

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Political Science
Political Science 3366E
Nigmendra Narain

Readings Week 10 Snow PEACEKEEPING AND HUMANITARIAN DISASTERS y Humanitarian disastersmanmade conditions of individuals that are so wretched that the international community has an obligation to alleviate themy Mans inhumanity to his fellow man y Increasingly public nature of human atrocity y The world has become enormously transparent y A civil war Sudan 1962 has received very little publicity largely internal matter where the government has blocked outside observersy Civil war broke out in Darfur in 2003refugees quickly began to flow into neighbouring Chad y Growing unacceptability of atrocities by government and others committing humanitarian atrocities y Sovereign states exercise total control over those who reside within their borders y Post WW2 eroded support for this absolutist interpretation of sovereign control individual rights supersede state sovereignty y International obligation to try to alleviate manmade disasters notion is controversialposes a direct challenge to the principle of state based sovereignty y United Nations lead role to evict Saddam Hussein from Kuwait in 19901991 created the precedent for utilizing the UN in humanitarian disastersHUMANITARIAN DISASTERS y Government of Sudan steadfastly denies there have been actions constituting humanitarian disaster in Darfur y End of the Cold War meant that the international system had the communistanticommunist examined on their own merits y As the Cold War thawed relevance was the idea of humanitarian interests y In many third world countries internal conflicts during the Cold War had their potential viciousness attenuated by the superpowers y When the Cold War ended so did superpower involvement and constraints to unleash the very worst behaviour of people y Cold War the UNs role had been limited to involvement in situations without Cold War overtones
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