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Political Science
Political Science 3366E
Nigmendra Narain

READINGS WEEK 23 STILES CHAPTER 15 DECOLONIZATION INTRODUCTIONNot only must a national liberation movement decide how to confront a foreign power endowed with considerable resources but it must also convince local citizens to join in and figure out what to do with those who do notDecolonization began almost as soon asthe first empires were established Leaders of newly elected or appointed indigenous governments negotiated their independence over a period of timeAchieving independence and becoming a member of the UN was the easy part for some countries Some slipped into economic and political chaos almost as soon as their new flags were raisedMost enjoyed positive if not sustainable growthTo address this problem of dependency governments across the developing world adopted state centered economic strategiesSelfactualization of all their peoplethe achievement of a deeper and more meaningful sense of self and fulfillmentExpanded the size of the public sectorrestricted foreign imports and foreign investment as a matter of national policy and directed considerable money into local industryThese actors had always been skeptical of the nationalist approaches to development and instead advocated a more classically liberal approach of limited government and increased free trade and investmentThe result has been a dramatic increase in foreign investment in the developing world although not a dramatic increase in public welfare INDIA BEFORE INDEPENDENCEIndia has found that interacting with the outside world can be extremely painful and has therefore displayed considerable ambivalenceThe British took over large tracts of land to cultivate cash crops for exportthese cash crops generated few benefits to Indian farmersOn the other hand wit these military sacrifices added to an increasingly depressed economy the experience of life without the British presence made their full return in the 1920s deeply resentedMuslims in particular sought to protect themselves from what they thought would be a future nation dominated by nationalistic Hindus
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