Readings16Stiles2.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 3366E
Professor
Nigmendra Narain

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READINGS WEEK 16 STILES CHAPTER 2 LEAGUE OF NATIONS INTRODUCTIONAnarchy means the absence of a central controlling authority and describes prevailing international orderThus the key implication of anarchy is selfhelpPeace and anarchy may exist simultaneouslyThe UN was essentially a compromise between anarchy and the rule of lawThe balance of power still does more to maintain peace and order than the UNs rule of law ORIGINSWilson argued that states must make the world safe for democracy and achieve peace without victory thereby making this a war to end all warsThe hope was that by entering into such a pledge states that might otherwise be tempted to commit aggression would be deterredBargain was essentially a gamble that only weak states would threaten the new order LEAGUE DECISION MAKING STRUCTURESBased on the notion that every state should have an equal opportunity to expressAssembly that met once a year for a few weeks and a Council that met more or less continuouslyLEAGUE POLTICSThe British government quickly emerged as the dominant voice in the LeagueA key problem for the League of Nations was how to attract the support of the major powersOnly for about seven years did the Leagues membership include the bulk of the major powersBritain generally played an increasingly accommodating role toward GermanyThe pacific principles of the League as a status quo agency did not mesh well with these territorially ambitious statestheir support ran from tepid to hostile The principles undergirding the institution were decidedly liberal and socially progressiveOnce the autocratic regimes took power in the capitals of the most powerful states the League was generally unable to promote cooperation
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