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Introduction to IO psychology.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
Psychology 2060
Athena Xenikou

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Introduction to industrial/organizational psychology Chapter 1 Industrial/Organizational Psychology: A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychology to the workplace I/O psychologists “enhance the dignity and performance of human beings, and the organizations they work in, by advancing the science and knowledge of human behavior. Differences between I/O and MBA programs - I/O examines factors that affect the people in an organization as opposed to the broader aspects of running an organization (marketing, transportation, accounting) - Application of psychological principles is what best distinguishes I/O psychology from related field typically taught in business schools I/O psychology relies extensively on research, quantitative methods and testing techniques I/O psychologists act as scientists when they conduct research and as practitioners when they work with actual organizations. Goal: to increase productivity and well-being of employees Individual approach: focuses on determining the competencies needed to perform a job, staffing the organization with employees who have those competencies and increasing those competencies through training. Organizational approach: creates an organizational structure and culture that will motivate employees to perform well, give them the necessary information to do their jobs and provide working conditions that are safe and result in an enjoyable and satisfying work/life environment Personal Psychology: The field of study that concentrates on the selection and evaluation of employees (analyzing jobs, recruiting applicants, selecting employees, determining salary levels, training employees and evaluating employee performance). Organizational psychology: The field of study that investigates the behavior of employees within the context of an organization. Team building, restructuring and employee empowerment. Human Factors: A field of study concentrating on the interaction between humans and machines. They frequently work with engineers. History of I/O psychology Army Alpha: an intelligence test developed during WW1 and used by the army for soldiers who can read Army Beta: an intelligence test developed during WW1 and used by the army for soldiers who cannot read. Hawthorne Studies: A series of studies, conducted at the Western Electric Plant in Hawthorne, Illinois, that have come to represent any change in behaviour when people react to a change in the environment. They were designed to investigate such issues as the effects of lighting levels, work schedules, wages, temperature and rest breaks on employee performance. Hawthrone Effect: when employees change their behaviour due solely to the fact that they are receiving attention or are being observed. Education: Bachelors, masters of PH’D Masters degree takes between 1-2 years for completion Undergraduate GPA of at least 3.0 and score of 1000 on Graduate Record Exam (GRE) GRE: Standardized admission test require by most psychology graduate schools Terminal Master’s degree programs: Graduate programs that offer a master’s degree but not Ph.D. Ph.D programs are best suited for students who eventually want to teach, do research or consult Doctoral Programs: 3.5 GPA and 1200 GRE Dissertation: A formal research paper required of most doctoral students in order to graduate. Hypothesis: An educated prediction about the answer to a research question Theory: A systematic set of assumptions regarding the cause and nature of behaviour. Pg 15 Literature Reviews Journals: A written collection of articles describing the methods and results of new research. Unbiased and accurate information on a topic. Trade Magazines: A collection of articles for those the in biz about related professional topics, seldom directly reporting the methods and results of new research. Magazines: An unscien
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