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Chapter 14

CHAPTER 14- Sexual Orientation

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Psychology 2075
William Fisher

CHAPTER 14 Sexual OrientationGay Pride parade commemorates the first time that gay lesbian and transgender individuals openly fought back against police harassment occurred June 1969 in Stonewall a gay bar in New YorkSexual Identity refers to ones selflabel or selfidentification as heterosexual gay lesbian bisexual or asexualSomeone may subjectively sexually identify himself or herself as a lesbian or gay and their actual sex partners are objectionably males or females Tearoom trade married men stop off in public restrooms and engage in oral sex with another maleSexual Orientation a persons erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other gender Homosexual their sexual orientation is towards members of his or her own gender Heterosexual sexual orientation is towards members of the opposite gender Bisexual sexual orientation is towards both genders Asexual does not have a sexual orientation towards either men or women Using the term homosexual to refer to lesbians and gay men is problematic for three main reasons 1 It has been associated with negative stereotypes such a deviance mental illness and criminal behaviour and thus can be used as a derogatory label2 It emphasizes sexual behaviour rather than sexual identity3 It is ambiguous because even though it is a general term it has often been used to refer exclusively to gay men For these three reasons it is preferable to use the terms lesbians gay men bisexual women and bisexual straightheterosexual Pansexual people who are open to relationships with people of any sex gender or gender identityHOW MANY PEOPLE ARE GAY LESBIAN BI STRAIGHT or ASEXUAL To determine this there is a scale for heteroeroticism extent of ones attraction to members of the other gender ranging from low to high and another of ones own homoeroticism ones attraction to members of ones own gender ranging from low to highIf one is high on both heteroeroticism and homoeroticism one is bisexual the person is high on heteroeroticism and low on homoeroticism is heterosexual the person is high on homoeroticism and low on heteroeroticism is gay and the person is low on both scales is asexual About 90 of men and women are exclusively heterosexual 10 of men and women have had at least one samesex sexual experience 2 of men and 1 of women exclusively engage in samesex sexual behaviour andor identify themselves as gay ATTITUDES In Canadian culture there is the belief that all people are heterosexualAttitudes Toward Gay Men and Lesbians74 of Canadians are in favour of equal rights for gay men and lesbians 61 of Canadians are in favour of samesex marriage 46 samesex adoptions 63 of Canadians thought that being homophobic was as bad or worse than being racist of antiSemitic Only 38 of Americans approve of homosexuality 33 of Americans approve of samesex marriage 41 of people in the UK approve of samesex marriage 22 of Canadians were accepting of samesex marriages even though they dont approve itHomophobia strong irrational fear of gay individuals and as fixed negative attitudes and reactions to gay men and lesbians Some prefer the term homonegativity antigay prejudice sexual prejudice heterosexism or heterocentrism Heterosexism the belief that everyone is heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the only legitimate acceptable and healthy way for people to beMost extreme expressions of antigay prejudice occur in hate crimes against LGBsMatthew Shepard university student was found tied to a fence savagely beaten and comatose Two men led him to believe they were gay as well and lured him from a bar to ride in their truck where they began beating him with a revolver They later tied him to the fence to die Aaron Webster a prominent photographer was beaten to death in Vancouver by four males wielding baseball bats golf clubs and a pool cue and was found naked in an area widely known as a stroll for gay men looking for casual sex 78 of LGBs had experiences verbal assault21 had been physically assaulted 21 reported harassment by the police 7 assaulted by a weapon
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