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Psychology 2075

Sexuality in perspective 9/16/2012 10:07:00 AM  Why study sex? o Curiosity o An important force in many peoples lives o People experience concerns about their sexual functioning and want to learn more about sex Sex and gender  The term sex is used ambiguously, it can refer to practicing sex or it can refer to your gender  Biologist definition of sex: any behaviour the increases the likelihood of gametic union- emphasizes the reproductive function of sex  Alfred Kinsey defined sex as behaviour that leads to orgasm o The problems with this definition are if one person does not experience an orgasm, does that mean that they did not engage in sexual behaviour? Or if a person experiences an orgasm will having oral, is that considered sex?  Sexual behaviour: behaviour that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm Influences of sexuality  Religion o Each religion has different views on what is right and what is wrong with respect to sexuality o The ancient Greek openly acknowledged both homosexuality and heterosexuality. They saw humans as double creatures, and the god split them in half. People from then on when looking for the missing pieces ( if double male, looking for the missing male, if male/female, looking for the opposite fo what you are) o Fifteenth century Christians, thought that wet dreams were caused by intercourse with tiny spiritual creatures. Wet dreams, sexual dysfunction and sexual lust were seen as witchcraft  Science o Havelock Ellis; believed that women; like men, are sexual creatures, believed that sexual deviations from the norm are harmless and urged society to accept them o Richard von Kraft-Ebing: studied pathological sexuality, his research was neither objective nor tolerant and collected more than 200 case histories o Magnus Hirschfeld: founded the first sex research institute and administered the first large scales sex survey form 10000 people with over 130 questions o In the 1940’s more research led to more open and public discussion of human sexuality o The study of sex requires joint efforts from biologists, anthropologist, sociologist and physicians  The media o Only 2 percent of sexual scenes reference to safe sex- is increasing o 47 percent of Canadians think there s to much reference to sex on T.V o it is believe that the media can have three types of influence  cultivation: refers to the notion that people begin to think that what they see on T.V and in other media is the mainstream of what happens in our culture  agenda-setting: new reporters decide what tor eport and what to emphasize- when they emphasize things like politicians sexual dalliances, they are suggesting that these matters are important  social learning: the idea that media provide role models for who we imitate o kids that watch more sexual T.V are more likely to engage in sex when they are younger o many people engage in sex online Cross cultural perspectives on sexuality  Culture refers to traditional ideas and values transmitted to members of the group by symbols. These ideas and values then serve as the basis for patterns of behaviour observed in the group  Ethnocentrism tends to influence peoples understanding of human sexual behaviour  Most people tend to believe
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