Textbook Notes (368,326)
Canada (161,799)
Psychology (4,889)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6

3 Pages
110 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2075
Professor
William Fisher
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 9: Sexual Response CHAPTER OVERVIEW - Masters and Johnson conducted important program of research on physiology of human sexual response and found that two [2] basic physiological processes occur during arousal and orgasm: vasocongestion and myotonia - The sexual response cycle occurs in three [3] stages: excitement, orgasm, and resolution - Their research indicates that there is no physiological distinction between clitoral and vaginal orgasms in women, which refutes an early idea of Freud’s - They also provided convincing evidence of the existence of multiple orgasm in women - Criticism of Masters and Johnson’s model are that (1) they ignored cognitive factors, and (2) their selection of research participants may have led to a self-fulfilling prophecy in their results - According to Kaplan’s cognitive-physiological model, three [3] components are involved in sexual responses: desire, vascongestion, and muscle contraction - According to the intimacy mode;, some people rarely experience spontaneous desire and desire for intimacy motivates them to engage in sexual activity - The dual control model holds that two [2] basic processes (excitation and inhibition) are involved in sexual response, and that our responses to sexual stimuli are shaped by culture and early learning - Emotion is another important psychological aspect of sexual response - The nervous system and sex hormones are important in sexual response - The nervous system functions in sexual response by a combination of spinal reflexes (best documented for erection and ejaculation) and brain influences (particularly of the limbic system) - Hormones are important to sexual behaviour, both in their influences on prenatal development (organizing effects) and in their stimulating influence on adult sexual behaviour (activating effects) - Testosterone is crucial for maintaining sexual desire in both men and women - Pheromones are biochemical’s secreted outside the body that play an important role in sexual communication and attraction o Much evidence based on research with animals (but evidence in humans is accumulating rapidly) - Sexual pleasure is produced by stimulation of various areas of the body called erogenous zones - Sexual self-stimulation, or autoeroticism, includes masturbation and sexual fantasies - Many people have sexual fantasies while masturbating or having sex with a partner - An important technique in two-person sex is hand stimulation of the partner’s genitals - Touching other areas of the body and kissing are also important - The other senses (sight, smell, and hearing) can be used in creating sexual arousal - Although there are infinite varieties in the positions in which one can have penile-vaginal intercourse, there are four [4] basic positions: man on top (missionary position), woman on top, rear entry, and side to side - There are two [2] kinds of mouth-genital stimulation: cunnilingus (mouth stimulation of the female genitals) and fellatio (mouth stimulation of the male genitals) - Anal intercourse involves inserting the penis
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2075

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit