Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Neuropeptide, Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Facial Expression

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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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Psych chapter 11 goal-directed behaviour: motivation is a process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigour of. Instinct inherited predisposition to behave in a specific and predictable way when exposed to a particular stimulus: have a genetic basis, universal, doesn"t depend on learning, has survival value for organism. Instinct theory has faded because there was little evidence to support it: evolutionary psychologists believe that many motives have evolutoionary underpinnings that are expressed through the action of genes, adaptive significance ex. Affiliation (social interaction) produced survival advantages (shared resources, etc. ) so they were more likely to reproduce and pass on their genes to next generations. Incentives environmental stimuli that pull an organism toward a goal: ex. A good grade is an incentive to study: linked to drives, ex. Intrinsic motivation performing an activity for its own sake because you enjoy it: ex. Kids who read their textbook only because they want to get as are showing extrinsic motivation: ex.

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