Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Basal Metabolic Rate, Anorexia Nervosa, Fixed Action Pattern

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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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Instinct theory and modern evolutionary instinct (also called a fixed action pattern): an inherited characteristic, common to all members of a species, that automatically produces a particular response when the organism is exposed to a particular stimulus. Modern evolutionary psychologists propose many motives have evolutionary underpinnings expressed through the actions of significance of behaviour is a key to understand motivation. Homeostasis and drive theory homeostasis: a state of internal equilibrium that the body strives to maintain drive theory: physiological disruptions to homeostasis produce drives, internal tension that motivates an organism to behave in ways that reduce this tension. Incentive and expectancy theories incentives: represent environmental stimuli that pull a organism toward a goal. Freud much of our behaviour results from a battle between unconscious impulses and our defenses keeping them under control dual-instinct model. Maslow distinguished between deficiency needs (concerned with physical and social survival), and growth needs (uniquely human and motivate us to develop our potential)