Stress is viewed by psychologists as: a stimulus that causes us to feel stressed, a response to the stimulus, a organism-environment interaction (responses based on a perceived imbalance between situational demands and the resources needed to cope) Stress: a pattern of cognitive appraisals, physiological responses, and behavioural tendencies that occurs in response to an imbalance between situational demands and coping resources. Stressors: events that place strong demands on us and require us to adapt in some way. Microstressors: the daily hassles and everyday annoyances (school, job, family ) Major negative events: victim of a crime, death of a loved one, etc. Primary appraisal: is the situation benign, neutral/irrelevant, or threatening, and its significance for your well-being. Secondary appraisal: perceived ability to cope with the situation and the resources to deal with it (knowledge, verbal skills, social resources, etc. ) overestimation of seriousness, underestimating resources, exaggeration of consequence increase stress.