Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Behavioral Neuroscience, Job Satisfaction, Wilhelm Wundt

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14 Nov 2012
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September 11, 2012
Psychology Lecture 1 Notes
The Nature of Psychology
E.G. Boring once observed that psychology has a long past, but a
short history. The long past indicates that psychology has roots
extending back to the ancient Greek philosophers. But the study
of psychology as a distinct discipline only began in 1879 when
Wundt (pronounced “vunt”) established the first psychological
laboratory in Leipzig, Germany
Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and the mind
The term behaviour refers to actions and responses that we can
directly observe
The term mind refers to internal states and processes
o i.e. thoughts & feelings that cannot be seen directly and that
must be inferred from observable & measurable responses
o ex. love or admiration for someone else
Clinical Psychology - The study and treatment of mental disorders
Cognitive Psychology - The study of mental processes, especially
from a model that views the mind as an information processor
Biopsychology - A subfield of psychology that focuses on the
biological underpinnings of behaviour. Biopsychologists examine
how brain processes, genes, and hormones influence our actions,
thoughts, and feelings
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