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Chapter

Psychology 2020A/B Chapter Notes -Erectile Dysfunction, Strabismus, Varenicline


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 2020A/B
Professor
Riley Hinson

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TOBACCO
History
- First users : Mayans (300AD)
- When Europeans landed in the new world they saw nave peoples roll leaves and insert
them into their nostrils
- They conveyed tobacco back to Europe in 1500, and popularity began to grow
- Inial reacons: general enthusiasm and aribuon of wide ranging medical powers
Administraon
- Via pipe in 1600
- Smokers oen gathered in tobacco houses similar to opium (taking snu)
- 1800, chewing tobacco increased in popularity
- 1800, rolled tobacco became popular in US (cigaree machine: James Bonsack)
Protestaons
- King James I: “Counterblast to tobacco” no real medical benets
- Pope Urban VIII: ban against Catholics smokers (to close to sexual ecstasy)
- Sultan Murad IV: prohibited smoking in the Ooman Empire (beheaded smokers)
- Ibrahim the mad lied the ban
- Czar Michael of Russia banned smoking:
o First me oenders: torture
o Second me oenders: execuon
- 1895: North Dakota, 1st state to ban the sale of cigarees, 14 others states followed
- An-cigaree league: Lucy GASTON, cigaree = con nails
- Adolf Hitler: aggressive ansmoking campaing
- But, all have failed the test of the me: government need the tax revenue
Cigaree consumpon
- 1900-1964: increase versus 1970-2005: decrease
- 1950: 70% of the adult in Canada smoked
- 15years old: 1965 => 50% / 1975: 45% / 1985: 35% / 1995: 25% / 2005: 20% / 2008:18%
- 1965: 60% of men and 40% women
- 2008: 20% of men and 16% of woman
- 1995: 45 billion cigarees produced (circle 112 mes the globe) versus 2003: 35 billion
- But increase in Canadian undergraduates
- The highest per capita rates: Greece and Eastern European countries
- Declining in NA and Europe but increasing in developing countries
Consequences
- $17 billion in costs (541$ per Canadian) so more than alcohol and illegal drugs
- 40000 of Canadians died for substance related problem => 37000 related to tobacco use
- Each cigaree = life: 14 minutes less
- Smokers die up 12 years earlier
- 525000 potenal years of life lost (150000 for alcohol and 62000 for illegal drugs)
- 30% of all deaths due to coronary heart disease
- 80-90% chronic obstrucve lung disease
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