Textbook Notes (362,809)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (4,729)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Psychology and Physical Health.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

CHAPTER 5: PSYCHOLOGY AND PHYSICAL HEALTH (pp. 138 – 147)  Many students health is affected by social and psychological factors  Today, the three leading chronic diseases (heart disease, cancer, and stroke) account for almost 60% of all deaths in the United States  Biopsychosocial model: holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors  Cultural values can affect the way individuals think about and deal with chronic illness, especially where interactions with health care providers and adherence to treatments are concerned  Health psychology: concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation, prevention, and treatment of illness STRESS, PERSONALITY, AND ILLNESS  A person’s characteristic demeanor can influence his or her physical health  Link between personality and disease is somewhat complex, but nonetheless real PERSONALITY, EMOTIONS, AND HEART DISEASE  Heart disease accounts for nearly 27% of the deaths in the US every year  Coronary heart disease results from a reduction in blood flow through the coronary arteries, which supply the heart with blood  Accounts for 90% of heart-related deaths  Atherosclerosis: gradual narrowing of the coronary arteries, usually caused by a buildup of fatty deposits and other debris on the inner walls  Causes coronary disease  Progresses slowly over many years  Myocardinal ischemia: heart is temporarily deprived of adequate blood flow  Angina: brief chest pain  Myocardial infarction: abrupt interruption of bloodflow which produces a full-fledged heart attack  Cardiovascular diseases kill women just as much as men but these diseases tend to emerge in women about 10 years later than in men Hostility and coronary risk  Type A personality: involves self-imposed stress and intense reactions to stress  more likely to experience heart problems  includes three elements:  A strong competitive orientation  Impatience and time urgency  Anger and hostility  STRONGEST LINK B/W PERSONALITY & CORONARY RISK  Type B personality: marked by relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, amicable behaviour  Hostility: a persistent negative attitude marked by cynical, mistrusting thoughts, feelings of anger, and overtly aggressive actions  High anger subjects experience almost three times as many coronary events as low-anger subjects  Hostility may be the crucial toxic element that accounts for the correlation between Type A behavior and heart disease  Some evidence that hostility plays a greater role in cardiovascular risk for blacks than for whites  Higher emotional reaction to discrimination  Reasons hostility and anger link to heart disease:  Greater physiological reactivity in response to stress may cause wear and tear in cardiovascular system
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 2035A/B

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.