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Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

PSYCH 2035 CH 1: ADJUSTING TO MODERN LIFE  Technological advances of the past century, have not led to improvement in health and happiness- known as paradox of progress  Basic challenge of modern life has become the search for meaning, a sense of direction, and a personal philosophy Search for Direction  Change creates feelings of anxiety and uncertainty so we try to alleviate this by finding a sense of direction  Self-realization programs are typically scams that appear to give participants an illusory sense of self or a temporary boost in self confidence. Usually just leads down more harmful pathways  Unorthodox religious groups- cults  Self help books: usually just contains psychobabble (vague language in self help books) Narcissism: a personality trait, marked by an inflated sense of importance, a need for attention and admiration, a sense of entitlement, and a tendency to exploit others. Based on greek myth Narcissus, who looked at himself in a lake and fell in love with himself Psychology: the science that studies the behavior and the physiological and mental processes (thoughts, feelings, and wishes) that underlie it, the profession that apples the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems Behavior: any overt response or activity by an organism Clinical psychology: diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders Adjustment: psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life Scientific Approach to Behaviour  Psychology is committed to empiricism (the premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation)  Psychologists must conduct research to test their ideas Advantages to the Scientific Approach  Clarity and precision: empirical approach requires that scientists specify exactly what they are talking about and form hypotheses  Relative intolerance of error  The experimental and control groups must be similar except for the different treatment they receive in regard to the independent variable Advantages  Allows scientists to draw conclusions about cause-and-effect relationships Disadvantage  May be ethical concerns or practical realities Correlational Research  Correlation coefficient: a numerical index of the degr
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